Using Win32 functions in Visual FoxPro Image Gallery
Monitor Configuration (Vista)
DestroyPhysicalMonitors
GetMonitorBrightness
GetMonitorCapabilities
GetMonitorContrast
GetNumberOfPhysicalMonitorsFromHMONITOR
GetPhysicalMonitorsFromHMONITOR
SetMonitorBrightness
SetMonitorContrast
Code examples:
How to adjust monitor brightness (Vista, monitor with DDC support)
How to adjust monitor brightness (Vista, monitor with DDC support)

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Before you begin:
The Monitor Configuration API was first made available in Windows Vista. These functions are applicable only if the monitor supports the Display Data Channel (DDC/CI) connection with the graphics adapter.

At least thirteen Monitor Configuration functions exist. Those include GETs and/or SETs for brightness, color temperature, contrast, display area position & size, factory defaults and more. Some models may have limited Monitor Configuration support.

The following code sample includes calls to several Monitor Configuration functions, in particular those reading and changing the brightness of a monitor.

See also:
  • How to change display settings: screen resolution, screen refresh rate
  • How to detect if additional monitor is connected and active
  • #DEFINE MONITOR_DEFAULTTONEAREST 2
    DO declare
    
    LOCAL hMonitor, cMonitorName, hPhysMonitor,;
        nPhysMonitorCount, cPhysMonitorArray, nResult
    
    * find out on which monitor
    * the main VFP window resides
    hMonitor = MonitorFromWindow(_vfp.hWnd,;
        MONITOR_DEFAULTTONEAREST)
    
    * find out the number of physical monitors
    * associated with the hMonitor handle
    nPhysMonitorCount=0
    = GetNumberOfPhysicalMonitorsFromHMONITOR(hMonitor,;
        @nPhysMonitorCount)
    
    IF nPhysMonitorCount = 0
        ? "No physical monitor detected."
        RETURN
    ENDIF
    
    * allocate space for the array
    * of PHYSICAL_MONITOR structures
    cPhysMonitorArray = REPLICATE(CHR(0), 4096)
    
    * retrieves the physical monitors data
    nResult = GetPhysicalMonitorsFromHMONITOR(hMonitor,;
        nPhysMonitorCount, @cPhysMonitorArray)
    
    IF nResult = 0
        ? "GetPhysicalMonitorsFromHMONITOR() failed:",;
            GetLastError()
        RETURN
    ENDIF
    
    * this pseudo-handle starts with 0 and increments
    * for each following physical monitor
    hPhysMonitor = buf2dword(SUBSTR(cPhysMonitorArray, 1,4))
    ? "Physical Monitor handle:", hPhysMonitor
    
    cMonitorName = SUBSTR(cPhysMonitorArray, 5)
    cMonitorName = SUBSTR(m.cMonitorName, 1,;
        AT(CHR(0)+CHR(0), cMonitorName))
    ? "Monitor name:", STRCONV(cMonitorName,6)
    
    LOCAL capMonitor, capColorTemp
    STORE 0 TO capMonitor, capColorTemp
    
    * takes about a second to return
    IF GetMonitorCapabilities(hPhysMonitor,;
        @capMonitor, @capColorTemp) <> 0
        ? "Monitor Cap flags:", capMonitor
        ? "Monitor Color Temp flags:", capColorTemp
    ENDIF
    
    LOCAL minBrightness, curBrightness, maxBrightness
    STORE 0 TO minBrightness, curBrightness, maxBrightness
    
    * retrieving the brightness value (%) for the monitor
    IF GetMonitorBrightness(hPhysMonitor,;
        @minBrightness, @curBrightness, @maxBrightness) <> 0
    
        ? "Brightness min, current, max:",;
            minBrightness, curBrightness, maxBrightness
    
        * setting the brightness
        * uncomment to try
        * = SetMonitorBrightness(hPhysMonitor, 100)
    ELSE
        ? "GetMonitorBrightness() failed:",;
            GetLastError()
    ENDIF
    
    * this is the must on exit: closes the array of open
    * physical monitor handles
    = DestroyPhysicalMonitors(nPhysMonitorCount,;
        @cPhysMonitorArray)
    
    * end of main
    
    PROCEDURE declare
        DECLARE INTEGER MonitorFromWindow IN user32;
            INTEGER hWindow, INTEGER dwFlags
    
        DECLARE INTEGER GetLastError IN kernel32
    
        DECLARE INTEGER GetMonitorCapabilities IN dxva2;
            INTEGER hMonitor, LONG @pdwMonitorCapabilities,;
            LONG @pdwSupportedColorTemperatures
    
        DECLARE INTEGER GetPhysicalMonitorsFromHMONITOR IN dxva2;
            INTEGER hMonitor, LONG dwPhysicalMonitorArraySize,;
            STRING @pPhysicalMonitorArray
    
        DECLARE INTEGER GetNumberOfPhysicalMonitorsFromHMONITOR IN dxva2;
            INTEGER hMonitor, LONG @pdwNumberOfPhysicalMonitors
    
        DECLARE INTEGER DestroyPhysicalMonitors IN dxva2;
            LONG dwPhysicalMonitorArraySize, STRING @pPhysicalMonitorArray
    
        DECLARE INTEGER GetMonitorBrightness IN dxva2;
            INTEGER hMonitor, LONG @pdwMinimumBrightness,;
            LONG @pdwCurrentBrightness, LONG @pdwMaximumBrightness
    
        DECLARE INTEGER SetMonitorBrightness IN dxva2;
            INTEGER hMonitor, LONG dwNewBrightness
    
    FUNCTION buf2dword(cBuffer)
    RETURN Asc(SUBSTR(cBuffer, 1,1)) + ;
        BitLShift(Asc(SUBSTR(cBuffer, 2,1)),  8) +;
        BitLShift(Asc(SUBSTR(cBuffer, 3,1)), 16) +;
        BitLShift(Asc(SUBSTR(cBuffer, 4,1)), 24)
    

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    3355 bytes  
    Created: 2008-12-10 16:54:43  
    Modified: 2010-12-22 20:45:51  
    Visits in 7 days: 69  
    Listed functions:
    DestroyPhysicalMonitors
    GetLastError
    GetMonitorBrightness
    GetMonitorCapabilities
    GetNumberOfPhysicalMonitorsFromHMONITOR
    GetPhysicalMonitorsFromHMONITOR
    MonitorFromWindow
    SetMonitorBrightness
    Printer friendly API declarations
    My comment:
    Code sample tested on Vista Business 64-bit SP1. The video card was NVIDIA Quadro FX 570 with two monitors connected: Samsung SyncMaster T240 and VisionQuest VQL-24WSHD.
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