Using Win32 functions in Visual FoxPro Image Gallery
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How to display Windows On-Screen Keyboard

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Before you begin:

For data entry, instead of relying on the physical keyboard, user may choose using Windows On-Screen Keyboard instead. This virtual keyboard gives access to all standard keys.

On-Screen Keyboard executable file, osk.exe, resides in System32 directory. Note that on 64-bit systems this file cannot be launched from 32-bit process. "File System Redirector" article on MSDN explains why:
32-bit applications can access the native system directory by substituting %windir%\Sysnative for %windir%\System32. WOW64 recognizes Sysnative as a special alias used to indicate that the file system should not redirect the access.
 
#DEFINE MAX_PATH 260
#DEFINE OSK_EXE "osk.exe"
 
DO declare
= ShellExecute(0, "open", GetOskPath(), "", "", 1)
* end of main
 
FUNCTION GetOskPath() As String
    LOCAL cPath
 
    cPath = PathCombine(;
        GETENV("windir"),;
        "sysnative",;
        OSK_EXE )
 
    IF FILE(cPath)
        RETURN m.cPath
    ENDIF
 
    cPath = PathCombine(;
        GetSysDir(),;
        OSK_EXE )
 
RETURN IIF(FILE(cPath), m.cPath, OSK_EXE)
 
FUNCTION GetSysDir
    LOCAL cBuffer, nBufsize
    cBuffer=REPLICATE(CHR(0), MAX_PATH)
    nBufsize= GetSystemDirectory(@cBuffer, LEN(cBuffer)) 
RETURN SUBSTR(cBuffer, 1, nBufsize)
 
FUNCTION PathCombine(p1, p2, p3, p4, p5) As String
    LOCAL cBuffer, cPath1, cPath2, nIndex, nCount
    nCount = PCOUNT()
 
    DO CASE
    CASE nCount = 0
        RETURN ""
    CASE nCount = 1
        RETURN p1
    ENDCASE
 
    cBuffer = m.p1
 
    FOR nIndex=2 TO nCount
        cPath1 = STRTRAN(m.cBuffer, CHR(0), "")
        cPath2 = EVALUATE("m.p" + TRANSFORM(m.nIndex))
        cBuffer = REPLICATE(CHR(0), MAX_PATH)
        PathCombineApi(@cBuffer, cPath1, cPath2)
    NEXT
RETURN STRTRAN(m.cBuffer, CHR(0), "")
 
PROCEDURE declare
    DECLARE INTEGER GetSystemDirectory IN kernel32;
        STRING @lpBuffer, INTEGER nSize
 
    DECLARE INTEGER ShellExecute IN shell32;
        INTEGER hWindow, STRING lpOperation,;
        STRING lpFile, STRING lpParameters,;
        STRING lpDirectory, INTEGER nShowCmd
 
    DECLARE INTEGER PathCombine IN shlwapi;
    AS PathCombineApi;
        STRING @lpszDest, STRING lpszDir,;
        STRING lpszFile
 

User rating: 7.5/10 (4 votes)
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1457 bytes  
Created: 2012-02-18 22:46:23  
Modified: 2015-10-28 09:36:34  
Visits in 7 days: 221  
Listed functions:
GetSystemDirectory
PathCombine
ShellExecute
Printer friendly API declarations
My comment:

On-Screen Keyboard`s window class name is "OSKMainClass". Knowing this, a VFP application can test the visibility of the On-Screen Keyboard by calling the FindWindow. By calling the SetWindowPos or similar API function, the virtual keyboard can be shown, hidden, or positioned at a specified point on the screen.
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