Using Win32 functions in Visual FoxPro Image Gallery
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Bitmap Class for Visual FoxPro application
Enumerating devices installed on the local machine
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Obtaining names and positions for shortcuts located on the Windows Desktop
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CryptoAPI: Collection of Providers class
Monitoring clipboard content changes (VFP9)
Copying picture of the active form to the Clipboard using Enhanced Metafile API functions
Displaying system dialog that selects a folder
Using the Semaphore object

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  • Using the Semaphore object to allow only one instance of VFP application running
    DO declare
    LOCAL hSmp, lnInc
    lnInc = 3
    hSmp = CreateSemaphore(0, lnInc, lnInc, "TestSmp")
    IF hSmp = 0
        ? "Error:", GetLastError()
    ? "Semaphore handle:", hSmp
    ? "Initial count:", lnInc
    ? "Decrementing the count..."
    FOR ii=1 TO 10
        dwWaitResult = WaitForSingleObject(hSmp, 0)
        ? "dwWaitResult:", _status(dwWaitResult)
    lnInc = 2
    ? "Incrementing the count by " + LTRIM(STR(lnInc))
    = ReleaseSemaphore(hSmp, lnInc, 0)
    ? "Decrementing the count..."
    FOR ii=1 TO 5
        dwWaitResult = WaitForSingleObject(hSmp, 0)
        ? "dwWaitResult:", _status(dwWaitResult)
    = CloseHandle(hSmp)
    * end of main
    FUNCTION _status(lnWaitResult)
        DO CASE
        CASE lnWaitResult = WAIT_OBJECT_0
            RETURN "WAIT_OBJECT_0"
        CASE lnWaitResult = STATUS_TIMEOUT
            RETURN "Unknown type: " + LTRIM(STR(lnWaitResult))
    PROCEDURE declare
        DECLARE INTEGER GetLastError IN kernel32
        DECLARE INTEGER CloseHandle IN kernel32 INTEGER hObject
        DECLARE INTEGER CreateSemaphore IN kernel32;
            INTEGER lcSmAttr, INTEGER lInitialCount,;
            INTEGER lMaximumCount, STRING lpName
        DECLARE INTEGER OpenSemaphore IN kernel32;
            INTEGER dwDesiredAccess, INTEGER bInheritHandle,;
            STRING lpName
        DECLARE INTEGER ReleaseSemaphore IN kernel32;
            INTEGER hSemaphore, INTEGER lReleaseCount,;
            INTEGER @ lpPreviousCount
        DECLARE INTEGER WaitForSingleObject IN kernel32;
            INTEGER hHandle, INTEGER dwMilliseconds

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    1582 bytes  
    Created: 2001-07-12 12:00:00  
    Modified: 2005-12-12 11:23:37  
    Visits in 7 days: 147  
    Listed functions:
    Printer friendly API declarations
    My comment:
    A semaphore object is a synchronization object that maintains a count between zero and a specified maximum value.

    The count is decremented each time a thread completes a wait for the semaphore object and incremented each time a thread releases the semaphore

    When the count reaches zero, no more threads can successfully wait for the semaphore object state to become signaled.

    The state of a semaphore is set to signaled when its count is greater than zero, and nonsignaled when its count is zero.
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